¿Existe riesgo de adicción del cannabis?

El cannabis consumido bajo la supervisión de un médico conlleva un pequeño riesgo de adicción, pero no se puede descartar. Especialmente en el dolor crónico y la esclerosis múltiple, cuando los pacientes lo toman durante muchos años.

Aunque las dosis no son muy altas y generalmente permanecen estables durante un tiempo relativamente largo, pueden aumentarse gradualmente cuando se usan durante diez años o más. La adicción ocurre en aproximadamente el nueve por ciento de los casos como es la marihuana en Valladolid.

Cómo se usa y cuánto cuesta

Los pacientes suelen consumir cannabis en cápsulas de gelatina, que compran en las farmacias. Esto permite una dosificación precisa.

Otra aplicación es un vaporizador en el que se calienta una dosis de cannabis medida con precisión, de modo que no se produzcan productos de combustión no deseados como al fumar. El paciente inhala vapores. Tienen un inicio de acción más rápido (alrededor de 5 minutos en lugar de los 30 a 60 minutos comunes a las cápsulas), pero tienen una duración más corta (4 a 5 horas en lugar de 6 a 8 horas).

Los pacientes pagan por el cannabis medicinal. El gramo del vaporizador cuesta alrededor de 170 CZK, cuando se procesa en cápsulas alrededor de 200 CZK. La dosis media mensual para el tratamiento del dolor ronda los 3 g, pero hay pacientes que toman entre 25 y 30 g.

A partir del próximo año, las compañías de seguros de salud deberían pagar el 90% del precio del cannabis a las personas enfermas.

También alivia los movimientos involuntarios y los tics que el paciente no controla, o el temblor neurológico (que también es típico de la enfermedad de Parkinson) y otros problemas musculares o neurológicos. Mejora, por ejemplo, la movilidad, la calidad del sueño, la ansiedad, los trastornos del equilibrio, etc.

La primera dosis debe tomarse bajo la supervisión de un médico.

“En la esclerosis múltiple, es importante que la preparación de cannabis utilizada contenga una cantidad equilibrada de los dos ingredientes activos principales, THC y CBD”, dice la Dra. Vachová.

“Los pacientes lo toleran mejor, especialmente aquellos que nunca han consumido cannabis. El CBD, es decir, el canabidiol, actúa principalmente contra la ansiedad, las convulsiones y la aparición de estados psicóticos”.


Debido a que las primeras reacciones de los pacientes tienden a ser individuales, los especialistas les aconsejan que tomen la primera dosis bajo la supervisión de un médico o una persona capacitada, como un familiar.


A veces sucede que el paciente puede tener dolor de cabeza, sentirse enfermo, tener el corazón roto, sentirse débil, desarrollar arritmias leves u otros problemas. Aunque esto no es muy común o dramático debido a las bajas dosis con las que comienzan, aún puede suceder. Especialmente en los ancianos.


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